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Weaving | Vegetable fibres

Keywords: Smooth cloth, cloth, hemp, flax, weaving


Title: Weaving
Category: Vegetable fibres
Country: Slovakia
Period: XX Century
Provided by: Comenius
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The history of origin dates back to the Neolithic period, around 5700-4400 BC.

Initially, the cloth was used in the natural colours of sheep wool, hemp and linen. Later, the domestic production of patterned linen, hemp, and later cotton fabrics was developed. Especially women were dedicated to this craft.

Weaving is a method of forming a textile in which warp threads are alternately mechanically divided to two or more layers and into a formed slot called” ziva” is embedded attack perpendicular to the warp. By changing the position of the warp threads, a new” ziva” is created and the process is repeated. The way the warp and weft yarns cross, determines the binding of the fabric. In the domestic weaving in Slovakia, the most widespread was the tabby weave, weft rips binding and twill weaves. In these ties there were smooth canvas in the colours of linen, hemp or cotton threads.

Around the mid-20th century, there was an extinction of flax and hemp cultivation, also the change in the way of clothing, led to a reduction in manufacture of home-woven fabrics and factory-made fabrics replaced a large proportion of them. Domestic fabrics have become more of a decorative meaning. They were either interior textiles, or parts of traditional clothing.