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Wall-carpet (scoarta)- loom weaving technique | Textile

Keywords: loom weaving technique, wall-carpet (scoarta), traditional wool fabric

Wall-carpet (scoarta)- loom weaving technique

Title: Wall-carpet (scoarta)- loom weaving technique
Category: Textile
Country: Romania, all region
Period: XX Century
Provided by: Edunet
Source: youtube, internet, Romanian National Patrimony Institute, UNESCO website, Covorul oltenesc website
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The traditional wall-carpet (scoarta) craftsmanship in Romania and the Republic of Moldova is Inscribes by UNESCO on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, in 2016.

In Romania, carpet weaving dates from times immemorial. Carpets were utilitarian and decorative wool weavings, meant to protect and improve the quality of life in households. The name "scoarta" has Latin origin, reminiscent of their primary function, similar to the spruce bark (In Romanian bark means scoarta) used in the past to isolate the houses with beams.

These days, wall carpets are mainly appreciated as works of art for public and private spaces and exhibited at city festivals and ceremonies.

As can be seen in the video below, to make a carpet first it is necessary that the wool to be washed, dried, twisted, painted and tight in a loom.

 Carpet weaving is done in the horizontal or vertical loom through the intertwining of wool yarns. The operations for weaving preparation are manual sorting and processing of wool fibers, followed by embroidery and yarning - this are the operations that underlie the future fabric.

Some areas still use natural paints for painting the wool fibers, obtained from different plants, flowers or insects.